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Deploying to shinyapps.io when behind a proxy

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If your system is behind an HTTP proxy then additional configuration may be required to connect to the shinyapps.io service. The required configuration varies depending on what type of HTTP connection you are making to the server.

The default HTTP connection type is rcurl however addition connection types curl and internal are also supported. The HTTP connection type is configured using the rsconnect.http global option - see ?rsconnect::rsconnectOptions for more.

HTTP Proxy Environment Variable

The most straightforward way to specify a proxy for rcurl and curl connections is to set the http_proxy environment variable. For example, you could add the following code to your .Rprofile:

Sys.setenv(http_proxy = "http://proxy.example.com")

Proxy settings can include a host-name, port, and username/password if necessary. The following are all valid values for the http_proxy environment variable:

http://proxy.example.com/

http://proxy.example.com:1080/

http://username:password@proxy.example.com:1080/

Setting RCurl Proxy Options

The default HTTP connection type is rcurl. If you need more configurability than affored by the http_proxy environment variable you can specify RCurl proxy options explicity using RCurlOptions. For example, you could add the following code to your .Rprofile:

options(RCurlOptions = list(proxy = "http://proxy.example.com")

You can set any underling curl option using this mechanism. To do this you translate curl options to lowercase and remove the CURL_ prefix (for example, CURLOPT_PROXYPORT becomes proxyport).

A list of available curl options can be found here: curl http proxy options.

Using Internet Explorer Proxy Settings

If you are running on Windows and have difficulty configuring proxy settings for rcurl or curl connections, it's possible to re-use your Internet Explorer proxy settings for connections to the server. To do this you set the http connection type to internal as follows:

options(rsconnect.http = "internal")

The internal connection type uses an insecure (non-encrypted) http connection to the server. If you require an encrypted https connection it's recommended that you use an rcurl or curl connection.

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